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How can I use METU Central E-Mail Services with Pine?


Pine, as well as being an easy-to-use program for sending, receiving, and filing Internet electronic mail messages, it facilitates accessing to newsgroups through Newsgroups Service and supports many advanced features for users.

To execute Pine program, you have to use a terminal program such as SSH. The terminal program enables you to login to the central server systems with a user code and a password. After you connect yourself to the servers with your login names and passwords, you have to enter pine command, on the command line of the system. You will be asked your user code and password, again. Now then, you are able to use Pine as displayed below.

ATTENTION: When you are using SSH gibi terminal programs, the mouse will not operate. You should use the arrow keys of your keyboard to do your operations on Pine.

Reading e-mail messages:

On the main menu, selecting the following option, will enable you to view an index of incoming messages;

I MESSAGE INDEX - View messages in current folder

To view the e-mail content, you should highlight the message you wish to read in the message list and click Enter

How to view the attachment file:

To view the attachment of the e-mail you are reading, you should press V to display the attachment and then you should press S to save it on your user directory. To execute the file after you save the attachment file on your user directory, you should transfer the file to your computer via FTP program.

Composing an e-mail message:

The following option on the main menu will enable you to compose an e-mail message and send it to the address you specified;

C COMPOSE MESSAGE - Compose and send a message

Select this option with the arrow keys on your keyboard and click Enter.

To: Enter the address of the recipient of your e-mail message in this field.

Cc: Enter the address of the recipient to whom you would like to send a copy of the e-mail message in this field.

Attchmnt: Add the attachment file you wish to send in this field. (You can select a file on your user directory by clicking firstly Ctrl+J and then Ctrl+T keys.)

Subject: Enter the subject of your e-mail message.

Message Text: Message text area contains the actual text of the email message. Write your message content in this section.

You must click Ctrl+X keys simultaneously to send the e-mail message.

NOTE: You are not obliged to fill in the Cc and Attchmnt fields of your message every time you send a message. For example, you can compose and send a message as shown below;

To : hotlinemetu.edu.tr
Cc :
Subject : information request
----Message Text----
I'd like to get information about the services offered by Computer Center.

Attaching a file to an e-mail message:

To attach an attachment file to an e-mail message you are composing, firstly, you should transfer the file to your user account via an FTP program. While composing the message, you should click the Ctrl+J and then Ctrl+T keys on the "Attchmnt" field to locate the place of your attachment file. Your user directory will be displayed. Highlight the file you wish to attach and click Enter twice. You will then return to the screen that diplays the message you are composing. You will notice that the attachment file is being shown in the "Attachment" field.

Creating an Address Book:

On the main menu, selecting the following option, will enable you to build a list of your regular e-mail correspondents, to create easily remembered "nicknames" for these addresses, and to quickly retrieve an email address when you are composing a message;

A ADDRESS BOOK - Update address book

When you select this option, you should click character to add new entry to your address book. You can fill in the spaces appropriately and then save the data with Ctrl+X keys.

Viewing the sent-mail folder:

You should first click on the Mailboxes button, then you should click on the Sent button to view the list of the messages that you have sent.

Reading e-mails in the OLDINBOX:

L FOLDER LIST - Select a folder to view

option enables you to select a folder and see your messages in that folder. Among these folders are OLDINBOX.date folders. Highlight the OLDINBOX folder that you want look at and key in Enter to see your e-mail.

Deleting an OLDINBOX:

On the main menu;

L FOLDER LIST - Select a folder to view

Option lets you select the folders you want and see the message content. Among these are the OLDINBOX folders. You can delete the folder you choose by highlighting/selecting the folder and keying D (Delete) and then to confirm deletion keying Y (yes).

Reaching SPAMBOX:

On the main menu, the following option, will enable you to select any folder you would like to view.

L FOLDER LIST - Select a folder to view

In these folders you may view your messages as well as your SPAMBOX directory.

Introducing the e-mails to the central spam filter which is believed that are considered as spam and saved to the SPAMBOX inaccurately:

If you consider the e-mails that are saved to the SPAMBOX are not spam, you can send the content (body) of the e-mail, together with their full header information to hotlinemetu.edu.tr. In addition to this, it should be regarded that an e-mail which you would like to receive as a regular mail should not be in a category to be filtered as spam for each and every user, the e-mails that are not spam specifically for you shall be followed under the SPAMBOX folder.

Preventing the display of "Terminal type ANSI is unknown" message:

If, immediately after logging onto your account with SSH program and entering the following command, you are receiving "Terminal type ANSI is unknown" message,


you should enter the following command before you enter the "pine" command, to be able to log onto pine later on,


Then, you should check the information displayed and perform the following steps consequently. If you do not perform the following steps, you will always have to enter the following command to log onto pine program;


If you are using "Bash Shell" you should remove the "PATH" line in .profile, file, and if you are using "Tcsh Shell" you should remove the "PATH" line in .tcshrc file, or add :/usr/local/bin information to this variable. If "Terminal type "ANSI" is unknown" message is displayed once again, enter the following command,


and see which shell you are in currently. One of the following lines will be displayed:


If the line displayed is one of the first two lines shown above(ksh,bash), enter the following command on the command line,

export TERM=vt100

If the line displayed is the third line shown above (tcsh), enter the following command on the command line;

setenv TERM=vt100

If you do not want to enter these commands once again each time you need them, for "bash" and "ksh", write the following command in .profile file,

export TERM=vt100

and for "tcsh", write the following command in .tcshrc file.

setenv TERM=vt100

Viewing the full header of each incoming e-mail message:

If you would like to view the fullheader of the messages on the "Pine" program, the first thing to do is to select the following option with the arrow keys on the Pine screen;

S SETUP - Configure Pine Options

Then press C key on your keyboard; "Setup Configuration" menu will be displayed. Select "Configuration" option. On the Setup Configuration page, you will see "Set Feature Name" title at the somewhat lower part of the screen. Use the arrow keys to choose the "enable-full-header-cmd" under the very same title. Then, mark it with the Xkey. Exit with the E key.

Go to Inbox folder and open the message whose fullheader you wish to see. When you press H on your keyboard, you will be able to see the fullheader of your message. When you press H again, the fullheader will disappear.

If you would like to forward the fullheader of your message to another person, forward it directly without adding an attachment to the message. This method is most useful when you wish to report a spam mail to your system administrator.